DRAGON FRUIT CAN GROW IN LA TRINIDAD, BENGUET
It is possible to produce sweet dragon fruit under La Trinidad, Benguet condition.
Two dragon plants planted inside greenhouse at Balili organic farm on 6 August 2010 were observed up to the present. The plants produced three flowers in June 2012, two years from planting and were harvested in September 2012. The three fruits weighed 1.03 kg. In 2013, the two plants produced 48.484 kg worth P4, 848.40. This 2014, the two plants produced 189 fruits weighing 99.61 kg which was sold at P100.00 per kilogram at the BIGS (BSU Internal Guarantee System) organic market.
It was observed during the three years of fruitbearing that dragon plants initiate flowering towards the end of May but the peak of flowering is June when the day length exceeds 14 hours, which means that dragon plant is a long day plant. However, flowers are still produced in July and few flowers appear in the early part of August, which will be the last fruits to be harvested in October. The duration from flower bud appearance to fruit ripening is 70 days under La Trinidad, Benguet condition. Each fruit weighs 350-780 grams.
According to Reynoso (2012), dragon fruit growers continue to increase throughout the country from the provinces of Cavite, Ilocos Sur, Davao and a couple of commercial farms in Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija and Quezon. Its reputation of profitability continues to spread and more farmers are attracted to the production of dragon fruits.//Silvestre L. Kudan and Ben P. Sebiano, Jr.
In sustaining the region as cradle of highland agriculture: BSU’s potential as ‘research hub’ of CAR
Multi-agency evaluate BSU researches
Fourteen Commission on Higher Education (CHED)-funded research projects presently conducted by Benguet State University (BSU) undergone monitoring and evaluation during a multi-agency and expert-packed review on February 27-28 at the BSU-Gladiola Center.
The said research projects are under the Research and Development (R and D) Program “To sustain the Cordilleras: Cradle of Highland Agriculture” of BSU-Higher Education Regional Research Center (HERRC).
In a pre-recorded video message by Dr. Napoleon K. Juanillo, director of CHED Office of Planning, Research and Knowledge Management, he assured that with the continued efforts his office is committed to support BSU as the ‘regional hub of research in the Cordilleras.’
“We are fully appreciative of your efforts to have meaningful exchanges among BSU scientists, researchers and scholars as you review a range of researches and studies in agriculture, forestry, education and the social sciences”, Juanillo said. He also avowed that he joins BSU in their“common pursuit to produce new knowledge, generate collective enthusiasm for new information and exploration that can eventually be beneficial to the country’s development.”
Social, Education and Health Researches
Acknowledging thatcommunitypeople have the concern and the power to sustain the Cordilleras, six research projects are dedicated to social, education and health researches. These include:Influence of State Universities and Colleges accreditation to the educational Management of the institution; Contextualizing teaching practices in a diversified classroom: an assessment;Models of successful school based management by school heads: an impact analysis;Physical and environmental dimension of wellness of State Colleges and Universities employees in CAR; Socio- cultural Studies: Reworking gender, Reclaiming culture and Communicating Development; and, Factors affecting Lifestyle and Health Status of Pocket Miners of Benguet.
Dr. Erlinda C. Palaganas of the University of the Philippines-Baguio and one of the evaluator for the social, education and health researches, said that the researches are very helpful in policy- making especially in education and governance. Dr. Palaganas mentioned the research project “Reworking gender, reclaiming culture, and communicating development which is composed of five studies namely: Time-use analysis: An indigenous households as site for negotiation in shaping community life; Artifact speak: Validating cultural meanings of artifact; parenting too soon: Child care and academic concerns of student-mothers in CAR; Priority health concerns and gender discussions of health policies and programs in the municipality of La Trinidad; and Communication strategies of pesticide companies and its effect to habits, practices, and attitude of farmers in Benguet Farming communities” as a very straight- forward project that elucidate present endeavors while providing framework and solutions for its stakeholders. The evaluator even mentioned one of the five studies of the project dealing with time use analysis that should be recommended to be mainstreamed as educational publication.
Moreover, Noemi A. Isidro of the CHED monitoring teamsaid that the researches will be relevant in addressing social issues given that the methodology is carefully planned and executed. She mentioned the study titled “Factors affecting Lifestyle and Health Status of Pocket Miners of Benguet,” which can be a basis to help address a present need but requires reconsideration of the methodology used in conducting the research.
Dr. Palaganas and Ms. Isidro are joined by Ms. Mayumi G. Belandres, and Ms. Adelma C. Terciaboth from CHED monitoring team as evaluators of the social, education and health researches.
Agriculture, forestry and natural resources researches
As the cradle of highland agriculture,eightresearch projects presently conducted are devoted to agriculture, forestry and natural resources, and other related researches. These projects include: Population dynamics of major pathogens and insect pests of selected crops grown in three agro-ecological zones of the cordillera administrative region; Local antisera production for seeds and planting materials certification of selected high value crops in the cordillera; Tissue culture of endemic ornamental plants; Addressing bio-diversity loss through conservation and utilization of indigenous food crops: Adaptation strategy to climate change effect in the cordillera; Profiling, propagation and utilization of indigenous trees used as teas (mountain teas) in Benguet; Agroforestry as a strategy for climate change adaptation and mitigation; Field trial of rooted Deguai cuttings; and, Animal clinic to address emerging diseases due to climate change.
While the social and education researches proved to be very useful in policy recommendations, Randy S. Tubal, one of the evaluators said that the technical researches are very timely as it caters to the needs of the farmers and it supports programs of line agencies such as the regreening program of the government. He also commented that fund is important for the continuity of some of the studies as these require more than a year of research to generate accurate research results.
Tubal of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources is joined by Dr. William C. Medrano, former CHED commissioner and now attached to Isabela State University (ISU), Dr. Terisita K. Mangili of Bureau of Plant Industry, Dr. Romeo A. Gomez of BSU-Open University, Dr. Dante M. Aquino of ISU-HERRC and Dr. Sonwright B. Maddul of HARRDEC as evaluators for the technical researches.
Aside from the reviewing the researches, the evaluators together with the CHED monitoring team together with faculty researchers and support staff visited experimental sites in Tublay, Benguet and in various experimental stations within BSU compound.
Meanwhile, the subsidy for these research projects is part of the CHED’s effort to advance technology production and knowledge generation through the establishment of HERRCs across the nation. In Cordillera, two HERRCs were established each in BSU and SLU.
In BSU, the fund utilization is dedicated social researches dealing on gender, health, and education, and, technical researches on agriculture, forestry and natural resources. The research projects are being spearheaded by different faculty researchers of BSU through the leadership of HERRC director Dr. Belinda A. Tad- awan.// JasminPeKiaso with reports from Joefrence S. Yangyang
OVPRE CONSULTS STAKEHOLDERS ON AFTA, CLIMATE CHANGE, AND FOOD SECURITY
The Office of the VP for Research and Extension consulted the community stakeholders to address issues on the Asian Free Trade Agreement (AFTA), climate change and food security on October 18, 2013 at the NPRCRTC.
They were informed on what BSU President Ben D. Ladilad considers as a way of strengthening bonds with the community. “Being an educational institution, our prime consideration is to excel in our functions. It is not an option but an obligation. We have to understand that economic development and quality products in education are attained through R&D.”This is according to Dr. Ladilad as quoted by HERRC Director, Dr. Belinda A. Tad-awan, who presented BSU’s RDE programs.
Throughout the course of the forum, the stakeholders were encouraged to bring out their queries and suggestions.
The interaction started with the concern on strawberry planting materials produced by BSU. The participants suggested planting in pots not in plots for higher rate of recovery when transplanted. They also requested the use of clean irrigating water instead of the one coming from households surrounding the production area. This is to avoid compromising the health of tourists who eat the fruit upon picking.
The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) on the other hand commented on the packaging of strawberries after observing that strawberries are usually packed in used juice cartoons. The DTI suggested that this be improved through research and programs in preparation for the AFTA.
Other concerns were about the transition of farmers from conventional to organic farming, interventions to diseases of plants, and the law of supply and demand to increase marketablity of crops.
More recommendations were mass production of the Igorota Potato Variety planting materials; technologies prolonging the shelf-life of carrot juice; promoting organic agriculture and other good agricultural practices (GAP) to youth; regulating price for fresh strawberries, development of queen bee producers, and the conduct of value chain analysis per commodity.
It was also mentioned that the Department of Agrarian Reform program aims to turn farmers from producers to entrepreneurs and increase their income.
Participants recommended also policies that focus on the production and marketing of fresh vegetables, root crops, and cutflowers as well as the preservation of indigenous crops and products in a gene bank.
To ensure the supply of quality produce, there should also be facilities like laboratories and mobile clinics for soil analysis. A monitoring body is suggested to prescribe the pre-cleaning of vegetables destined for the Trading Post and check the presence of toxic chemicals used in rebottling and labeling of products.
Additional concern is to come up with policies on the supply of quality products to trading post; pre-cleaning of vegetables that will be delivered to avoid long waiting time and policies on preservation/gene bank of indigenous crops and products. Monitoring should be strengthened to avoid the making of toxic chemicals that were observed to have been re-bottled and marketed through other names. Policies should also be formed to stop the selling of some organic products sold in the market that are labeled organic but actually are not.
Towards the end of the forum, Dr. Julius Caesar Sicat, Director of Department of Science and Technology in CAR pointed out that the name of the game this day is ‘collaboration’ among SUCs to utilize human and financial resources.
Attendees of the said activity were from the Municipal Agriculture Office of the 13 municipalities of Benguet, Office of the Provincial Agriculture of Benguet, different cooperatives in coffee, cut flowers, beekeeping and organic vegetables farming and regional line agencies. // Jen L.Sabado-Tabangcura and Marie Fe Balangay Wance
BSU Annual Agency In-House Review 2013 completed
This year’s BSU Agency In-house Review of Research, Development, and Extension (RDE) accommodated more than one hundred researches.
These are either classified as completed or ongoing researches from the different Colleges and Institutes of the University.
The review was conducted in the Northern Philippines Root Crops Research and Training Center (NPRCRTC), from July 23-26, 2013. This year’s evaluators came from the pool of experts from CHED, UP, PCAARRD, Baguio, NEDA, BSU-Buguias Campus and BSU Main Campus.
In the opening program, Dr. Luciana Villanueva, Vice President for Research and Extension pointed out the importance of research and extension. She said that R&E are strong moving forces on the ratings of an institution. Also, she encouraged the BSU researchers to strengthen the linkage between R&E and farmers for them to feel the impact of what the researchers are doing.
At the culmination of the three day review, evaluators commended BSU for having significant improvements for this year’s in house review. However, some pointed out that some researches need to be written in beter manner.
On the other hand, Dr. Janet Luis raised the idea of passing on researches to younger researchers for continuity.
Among the 115 papers presented, 15 winning papers are to be presented on the upcoming Regional Symposium on RDE Highlights in Agriculture, Forestry, Natural Resources, Industry, Socio-economic, and Education Sectors.
The summary of papers presented are reflected below
SUMMARY OF PAPERS PRESENTED
ICRISAT TRAINS CAR RESEARCHERS
Course on Agricultural Field Trial Designing and Analysis’ was conducted by the Climate Smart Agriculture Center (CSAC). It provides opportunity for the participants to review and discuss the basic statistical concepts.
The training also gave a better understanding of the statistical principles and techniques in setting up laboratory and field experiments using latest statistical software. proper Analysis of statistically designed experiments; and accurate interpretation of the results of the analysis results were also taught to the participants.
Dr. Abhishek Rathore of the International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), India, introduced the GensTat software. GenStat manages and illustrates data, summarizes and compares model relationships, designs investigations and analyzes experiments like ANOVA (VSN).
This Senior Scientist provided the participants hands-on exercises on Multi-Environment Trials (GxE), Eberhart&Russell’s Stability (Theory) and Single-Site Analysis ANOVA.
CSAC Director Dr. Carlito P. Laurean says that the training intends to enable researchers to produce quality technical reports that can be published in refereed journals. Communicating clearly the results of the research is important, but interpreting the results must come first.
Line government agencies attended the training, which are Bureau of Plant Industries, Bureau of Agricultural Research, and Department of Agriculture –CAR. From Academic Institution were the University of Cordilleras, University of the Philippines- Baguio, Central Mindanao University, Abra State Institute of Science and Technology, Apayao State College, Ifugao State University, Mountain Province State Polytechnic University, Ilocos Sur Polytechnic State College and Benguet State University. There were 37 participants.
Dr. Laurean says the activity was an offshoot of his travel in ICRISAT, India. BSU Alumnus, Dr. William Dar and former BSU employee, Dr.Rosana P. Mula were instrumental for the realization of the training here in Benguet.
The activity was held on June 11-14, 2013, at the Administration Conference Room and is sponsored by the DA-BAR, ICRISAT and BSU.// Marie Fe B. Wance