By BSU UPAO - Posted on 12 October 2017

 

Titled “Forum on Enhancing Farm Management through Research Results Dissemination and Application,” the Publications Office of the Benguet State University (BSU) Research Services (ORS – PO) conducted a forum with the farmers at the Chrysanthemum Hall, Research and Extension Building on October 6, 2017.

The forum was divided into four topics with different keynote speakers discussing each topic. An open forum took place after each topic.

Director of the Office of Quality Assurance and Accreditation (OQAA) Dr. Aurea Marie M. Sandoval presented the Rationale of the program. “Take this opportunity nga adalen dagidiay inres-research da tapnu mai-apply tayu idiay garden tayu,” pointed Dr. Sandoval.

Dr. Nordalyn B. Pedroche, College of Agriculture (CA) Secretary discussed “Broccoli Rotation and Residue Amendment: A Sustainable Management Option for Soil-Borne Diseases in the Cordillera.”

Pedroche claimed that most farmers are often concerned about plant health rather than soil health. She discussed further on the cause of such soil-borne diseases particularly the nematode. Pedroche also identified the crops that would likely be susceptible to nematodes, and the possible solutions in controlling the nematodes.

In response to the question of Belmore Calayon, a farmer at BSU if there are predatory nematodes that can also parasitize the disease causing nematode, Pedroche affirmed that there are entomopathogenic nematodes which parasitize the host nematodes and destroy them.

Dr. Asuncion L. Nagpala, a Faculty of the Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture (CA) also discussed “Management of Clubroot on Cabbage Using Trichoderma KA and Lime in Natubleng, Buguias, Benguet“ and “Soil Quality Assessment of Conventional and Organic Farms in La Trinidad Benguet.”

Nagpala reported the effects of Trichoderma in managing clubroot. Clubroot is a common disease found in crucifer crops such as cabbage, cauliflower, Brussel sprouts, broccoli, and Chinese disease. It is a soil-borne disease caused by the fungus Plasmodiophoria brassica.

Grace S. Backian, Senior Science Research Specialist of the Northern Philippines Root Crops Research & Training Center (NPRCRTC) presented the “Quaranting and Other Important Diseases Affecting Economic Crops in the Cordillera.

Backian stated that the concerned agencies of the Philippines who are responsible in the quarantine of internal and external crops lack strict implementation of quarantine laws. Therefore, the diseases are spread throughout the country’s main economic crops.

“Due to climate change, insect population increases. Insects are vectors of most plant viruses,” explained Backian.

Ephraim Kudan, a farmer from the Balili Organic Farm queried on the possible causes of the disease. Backian explained that poor seed inoculation, quality control, and not strict implementation of quality protocols usually causes the entrance of such diseases to the crops. She also added that planting materials can also transfer the virus to the crop.

Backian however advised the farmers to channel protocols in managing seeds and planting materials to respective farmer’s cooperatives to further control the entrance of diseases. She also added that proper information dissemination is required to help the farmer discern which diseases and which disease control is applicable to the affected crop.

“In this area farmers become scientist too,” Backian said stating that farmers can observe experiment on their respective farms.

“I suggest that we have a field exposure so we may be familiarized with the plants and their sicknesses,” expressed Mario Canuto, a farmer from Tuba, Benguet.//MDPenchog